The most common mistake made by our farming community is an excessive reliance on chemical intervention such as fertilisers and pesticides which can have a long lasting and deleterious impact on soil micro flora and fauna. This can create an imbalance in soil conditions and can have an adverse impact on crop growth. A change in the soil pH can actually encourage the growth of pathogens and constrain beneficial microbes that would normally have kept them in check.
There is extensive research which shows that excessive application of Nitrogenous fertilisers can actually encourage certain types of pests and diseases.It is also a well known that almost half the Phosphatic fertilisers applied in a field can be adsorbed on to soil particles and are unavailable to the crop. The continued and excessive use of Phosphatic fertilisers then leads to the suppression of micro-nutrients which raises costs of production.
This accumulation of chemicals results in the creation of hard pans within the soil which prevents rain water from penetrating and accumulating in the root zone and results in the erosion of valuable top soil and nutrients. The creation of hard pans is responsible for poor germination and crop stands which cause farmers to use more seeds which are expensive.
All these factors result in a much higher cost of production and lower yields and profits, year after year. As the soil condition deteriorates, this only worsens the economic plight of our farming community.
Biovac is a biological product comprised of naturally occurring beneficial soil rhizosphere microbes which work symbiotically with the roots of your crop to improve soil conditions that will favour root growth and overall vigour of the crop.
The carefully selected microorganisms present in Biovac work by secreting organic acids and enzymes during their growth which decompose organic matter and release humic and fulvic acids as well as other phytochemicals which improve soil texture and quality.
Biovac helps improve soil texture and porosity thus increasing the moisture holding capacity of the soil. This thereby enabling better root growth which helps uptake of nutrients and moisture.
This physical action in turn improves the ability of crops to withstand moisture stress thereby improving yields. The use of Biovac helps improve nutrient availability and minimizes the impact of leaching and other losses of valuable nutrients through volatilization of Nitrogen (N) or Phosphorus (P) getting bound to soil particles, thus making them unavailable to the crops.
Biovac is a product comprising naturally occurring soil microbes which helps the soil and is virtually harmless for humans, animals and environment.
- Improves soil texture and soil porosity thus softening the soil.
- Improves soil capacity to absorb and retain moisture.
- Fix atmospheric Nitrogen.
- Make Phosphates soluble.
- Mobilize Potassium.
One 50 gm ( 1.8 oz.) packet is usually enough to treat seeds used to plant 1 acre.
- BioVac can be mixed with sufficient quantity of water to make a slurry which can be used as a seedling dip for soaking the roots of young seedlings before they are transplanted in the main field.
- BioVac can also be used as a soil drench where required.
- BioVac can be applied 1 week to 10 days after an initial soil drench and foliar spray of Helios.
- Apply after an irrigation when soil is damp enough to minimize the volume of solution needed to penetrate and soak the root zone as this will cut down quantity of product used and adequate soil moisture is good for growth of these microbes.
- 2 –3 grams (0.10 oz.) of the product mixed with 20 liters (5.3 gal) of water is quite sufficient to drench the root zone after an irrigation.
- The use of Regalis SP along with BioVac as a soil drench enables farmers to derive the full benefits from both products.
- One 50 gm ( 1.8 oz.) packet of BioVac is sufficient for treating up to 20 kgs (44 lbs) of rice seed which is used for planting in 1 acre.
- Normally farmers pre-soak the seed before planting in their nurseries.
- BioVac may be applied to moist seed before planting in the nursery.
- After pre soaking is completed, allow excess water to drain out, seeds should be damp but not dripping wet before applying Biovac.
- Mix the contents of the 50 gm (1.8 oz.) BioVac pouch with water that is sufficient to cover the surface of the seeds to be treated, about 2.5 liters (85 Fl. Oz.) should be enough.
- Apply to the seeds by using a seed dressing drum.
- Spread the seed to dry slightly and plant, 20 minutes after treatment.
Note: Rice seed is usually pre treated with some chemical pesticides. Please check the nature of chemical used for seed treatment before applying Biovac.
- The contents of a 50 gm (1.8 oz.) pouch of BioVac are sufficient for treating wheat seed used for planting one acre.
- Seed dressing drums can be used.
- For winter wheat under temperate conditions, care is advised as the survival of the beneficial microbes under extreme cold will be of concern.
- Use a 50 gm (1.8 0z.) pouch to treat about 6 packets of cotton seed.
- Cotton seed usually comes treated with some neo nicotinoid insecticide for controlling sucking pests.
- The beneficial microbes present in BioVac are unaffected by such products.
- However, if seed is already treated with a fungicide, then this could affect the beneficial microbes present in BioVac.
- Mix BioVac with a small quantity of water – 500 ml (17 fl.oz.), mix 50 grams (1.8 oz.) Biovac and make a uniform slurry to surface treat 6 packets of cotton seed.
- After treatment, spread the seeds to dry in the shade do not allow them to stick to one another.
- Usually they dry in just 20 min and will be ready for immediate planting.
- The seed rate for vegetables is low so the quantity of Biovac needed per acre will go down correspondingly.The method remains the same.
- In case vegetables are to be transplanted, consider the use of Biovac as a root dip for seedlings.
- Dipping the roots of seedlings in a solution containing 50 grams (1.8 oz) of BioVac in 200 liters (53 gal) of water will suffice.